Hello dear Wiezewasjesfan!
Welcome to our Gemstone page! This is where you can find all kinds of fun facts and interesting information on the gemstones we sell. We update this page regularly, so make sure to keep an eye out!
Disclaimer: The effects of gemstones are not proven and can differ from person to person; everyone can experience the effects of gemstones differently. This is why we always recommend you to go see a doctor in case of any health issues!
Agate is the stone of protection and tranquillity. The stone represents concentration and the stimulation of spiritual growth, inner peace, and a calm, level-headed attitude. People wear this stone to protect their aura, feel safe and experience balance in body, mind and spirit.
Agate is associated with the zodiac signs Taurus and Gemini. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Amazonite is the stone of balance. It is used as a strong protector against negative energy and electromagnetic radiation. The stone is also known for its calming and balancing properties regarding mood swings like sadness, concern and worries. Amazonite stimulates free will and supposedly helps to solve problems, as it balances reason and intuition.
Amazonite is associated with the zodiac signs Virgo and Aquarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Amethyst is said to hold a protective and cleansing effect. The stone supposedly helps to improve self-knowledge and honesty towards yourself. Amethyst can be worn during headaches, migraine, and sleeping issues.
Amethyst is associated with the zodiac signs Virgo and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page! Amethyst can discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Apatite is a big softie with a hardness (or in this case we better speak of softness) of 5 on the Mohs scale, so not for heavy-handed use. This beauty belongs to the phosphates and is actually a mineral group consisting of chlorapatite, fluorapatite, and hydroxapatite. The most common of these is fluorapatite. Apatite comes in almost all colours, and some stones can have a special cat-eye effect! We sell blue apatite, which was often confused with other minerals in the past, giving it the name apatite. This name is derived from the Greek term for deceive: apatein.
Apatite is a great stone to carry with you on a daily basis. It represents confidence and success. The stone is also said to support social capacity by acting as a shield against anger and fear. Say bye-bye social anxiety! Finally, one last fact about apatite: did you know there were traces of apatite in the stones collected during the moon landing ?! Move over moonstone! So are you looking for a partner on a daily basis who also has a connection with the moon? Apatite is ready for you!
Apatite is found all over the world.
angel aura quartz
Angel aura quartz is a clear quartz treated with silver and platinum. This unites the symbolism of the three materials and represents a peaceful and satisfying feeling. It symbolizes spiritual insights and knowledge and finding your spiritual purpose. Angel aura quartz is worn by some as a powerful cleanser of body, mind, and spirit. It could help to detach from negative entities and connections. This lovely and calming stone is also said to reduce stress, tension, and worries.
Angel aura quartz is best kept from bright sunlight.
aqua aura quartz
Aqua aura quartz is a clear quartz treated with gold. It represents protection, healing, and the aura. Aqua aura quartz is said to protect against negative energy and influences. The stone symbolizes self-fulfilment by strengthening your inner potential and reducing obstructions. Aqua aura quartz is the stone of communication and self-expression.
Aqua aura quartz is best kept from bright sunlight.
Meet Aquamarine; the somewhat snowed-under but also quite precious brother of emerald! Both are different coloured variations of the mineral beryl: emerald natural green and aquamarine are known for the beautiful, bright shades of blue. There is a very rare dark blue aquamarine species called maxixe aquamarine, named after the Maxixe mine in Brazil.
This one blue beauty has a hardness of 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale and is, therefore, virtually indestructible! The name aquamarine is derived from the Latin aqua marina, which of course means seawater. It is not surprising that aquamarine is seen as the sea stone… It was once said that it was a mermaid's stone and that its wearer would find love! #mermaidlovestone In addition, the stone would provide protection during dangerous sea voyages and against seasickness.
Aquamarine represents peace and tranquility in stormy times and stormy minds. It was associated with the Virgin Mary, and the stones were used to decorate her altars. Finally, aquamarine would warn you against danger and injustice by discolouring! (This could also be caused by the sun, of course, as especially the darker stones are very sensitive to light. Anyhow, don't say we didn't warn you!) Soooo, suffer from seasickness or unrest? Do you suspect the neighbour of evil plans, or are you simply a mermaid whose stone has been stolen? Aquamarine is ready for you!
Aquamarine is found on all continents.
Aquamarine is associated with the zodiac signs Gemini, Libra, Aries and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Aragonite is the skeleton of several marine organisms and comes in various forms and colours. From white to grey, reddish star clusters, yellow-green, and even blue. Blue and Red Agaonite are most popular.
We at Wiezewasjes Love the Aragonite star clusters! The Aragonite star clusters are associated with renewed (emotional) strength, confidence, and maintaining centred and serene in trying circumstances. Aragonite is said to help discharge subconscious held tension and release emotional drama or ego investment relating to past wounds. The perceived soothing, energizing, clearing, cleansing, and balancing properties of Aragonite could be helpful contributors to emotional growth.
Other well-known varieties are Blue Aragonite and Spanish Aragonite.
Aragonite is found in Italy, Greece, Austria, England, Czech Republic, Mexico, Peru, Pakistan, and the USA.
Aventurine is the stone of well-being. This gemstone is worn to calm and protect its wearer. The stone represents prosperity, luck and making your dreams come true. Aventurine symbolizes tolerance, patience, enthusiasm, empathy, individuality and creating new ideas. It is said to be relaxing and calming in cases of anger, annoyance and irritations. Aventurine can also be worn to stimulate determination, perseverance, observation and creativity.
Aventurine is associated with the zodiac signs Taurus, Virgo, Sagittarius and Aquarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Clear quartz is a very pure stone that is said to adapt itself to its carrier. The stone is worn for regulating, absorbing, and giving and/or storing energy. Because of clear quartz’ neutral energy, it can easily be combined with other stones. Clear quartz represents concentration, thinking clearly, a neutral and impartial attitude, and solving problems.
Clear quartz is associated with the zodiac signs Capricorn and Leo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Carnelian represents grounding, stabilisation, vitality and motivation. It is the stone of strength, energy and perseverance. Carnelian is said to boost confidence and self-worth as well as reduce feelings of jealousy. People wear it to support their assertiveness and give them a little boost when they need to stand up for themselves. The stone can help to protect from other people’s negative energies.
Carnelian is associated with the zodiac signs Aries, Cancer, Leo and Virgo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Calcite represents calmness, union and tranquillity. The stone is said to activate and stimulate physical-, mental-, and spiritual growth and development. People wear calcite for motivation, confidence, decisiveness, and fortitude. Calcite also represents faith and courage.
Calcite occurs in a wide variety of forms and colours. This gentle gemstone is known for its cleansing, refreshing, and revitalizing influence. It is said to help open blockages and move beyond past patterns. Calcite can bring the feeling of viewing the world with new eyes and seeing the joy in all aspects of life!
We at Wiezewasjes fell in love with the Caribbean Blue-, Green-, Blue-, Yellow- and Orange Calcite. Each one of these varieties is said to have its own characteristics addressing particular areas of the body.
• The (Caribbean) Blue Calcite is known for soothing the emotional body.
• The Green Calcite stands for relaxation, emotional balance, the release of stress and resentment, connection with the heart.
• The lovely Orange Calcite then again stands for creativity, sexuality, playfulness, confidence, and innovation.
• Yellow Calcite stands for clarity, insight and action. This stone is said to increase confidence, persistence, intellectual power.
Calcite is found on every continent; however, Mexico and the USA are its most important finding places.
Beware of water and other liquids around Calcite! Due to its porous structure, Calcite may dissolve when coming into contact with water.
Celestine represents spiritual development and clairvoyance. This stone symbolises prosperity, luck and relying on your own intuition. Celestine is said to improve creativity and calmness and, therefore, be worn by those who speak in public.
Celestine can discolour due to exposure to (bright) sunlight and is best kept away from water.
Chalcedony is a member of the extensive quartz family and has a density of 6-7 on the Mohs scale. Its name is derived from the city Chalcedon in the former Asia Minor, which is currently the Istanbul region in Turkey. Untreated chalcedony can be recognised by its white-grey to light blue semi-transparent layers. Untreated? Yes, indeed – keep this in mind for a while; we will come back to this! Dealing with uncontrollable emotions that are taking over? Chalcedony is the stone for you! Chalcedony is seen as the stone of communication and balanced emotions. This stone supports creative expressions and can help you remain true to yourself.
Chalcedony is seen as the stone of communication and balanced emotions. This stone is said to help with issues regarding speech and the throat. Furthermore, this stone supports creative expressions and can help you remain true to yourself.
Chalcedony has a couple of brothers and sisters who mostly share the same physical qualities but that have coloured differently due to natural circumstances during their formation. These are, amongst others, onyx (black-white), carnelian (orange-red-white), sardonyx/sard/sarder (comparable with, but darker than, carnelian) and chrysoprase (apple green). The well-known agate and jasper are very close to the chalcedony as well the quartz family is very close, after all 😜.
Still following? We have reached the treated/untreated part! People have long been fascinated by minerals. And, as one does, we have tried to make minerals more beautiful for a very long time. Grinding them into pretty shapes, polishing, greasing, heating up, colouring and even sticking minerals together to create new gemstones. Chalcedony proved excellent for colouring; other than with other coloured gemstones (from which the colour can be removed quite easily using alcohol, water or acetone), the colour applied to chalcedony will not, or hardly, change. This has led to a range of beautifully coloured chalcedonies, which are listed under a variety of names:
• Aqua chalcedony (semi-transparent turquoise)
• Blue chalcedony (semi-transparent blue)
• Pink chalcedony (semi-transparent light pink)
• Yellow onyx (semi-transparent yellow)
• Green onyx (semi-transparent bottle green)
• Black onyx (opaque black)
• Red onyx (semi-transparent orangey-red)
All of these different coloured chalcedonies can cause some confusion, especially the black and red onyx. With the black onyx, the confusion is mainly due to its name, which is similar to the ‘real’ onyx. Can a black coloured chalcedony even be called an onyx? Well, yes, as long as ‘black’ is written in front of it. This term is widely accepted. Therefore, you can be sure that you’re dealing with a coloured chalcedony when you encounter a black onyx. The red onyx can easily be confused with ‘real’ carnelian and is, unfortunately, often sold under that name. Carnelian can, conveniently, also be called red onyx. A tip to distinguish the two: the coloured chalcedonies are often entirely evenly coloured, whilst the ‘real’ stones have more texture and colour difference. You can see this very well when holding the stone against the light.
Amongst others, chalcedony can be found in Brazil, Madagascar, Uruguay, India, the United States, Great Britain, and Namibia.
Chalcedony is associated with the zodiac signs Cancer, Sagittarius and Gemini. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Chalcopyrite symbolises the truth and is said to increase our cognition and insight. This stone is said to boosts intuition and can help you contact your inner source of power. The stone represents abundance and prosperity. Chalcopyrite is also worn as an aid during meditation and breaking energetic blockage.
It is best not to expose Chalcopyrite to water.
Chrysocolla is the stone of (inner) balance. People wear it when their energy levels are low, and they have a sluggish feeling. When you are nervous or tense, Chrysocolla is also an excellent stone to wear as this stone is said to help diminish feelings of guilt and sadness. The stone symbolizes self-reflection, stimulates a neutral and open attitude, and surfaces the truth. It represents clarity of the mind, creativity, and communication. Chrysocolla is known for its cleansing and activating properties.
Chrysocolla is associated with the zodiac signs Taurus, Virgo and Aquarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
It is best not to expose Chrysocolla to water.
Chrysoprase is a green Chalcedony that derives its name from the Greek words for “golden apple” or “golden leek”. Chrysoprase is a stone of the heart and said to encourage growth and forgiveness. This gem could be a great companion during times of heartbreak. This stone might help look back on relationships that ended badly with a sense of compassion and forgiveness and help overcome bitterness and disappointment. Chrysoprase is said to give strength to the heart, healing feelings of separation and isolation and preparing the heart to be hopeful and open to new relationships. Thank you, next!
Chrysoprase is mainly found in Australia and therefore nicknamed ‘Australian Jade’. Furthermore, the stone is found in Brazil, Madagascar, South Africa, and Russia.
Citrine is the sun of gemology! This cutie belongs to the quartz family and has a density of 7 on the Mohs scale. This stone can be recognised by its transparent lemon yellow to orange-brown colour, which comes from the stone’s iron content. Citrine is named after the Latin ‘citrus’ and is also known as citrus quartz. This yellow beauty is sometimes referred to as topaz; however, nothing could be further from the truth. This confusion probably stems from the period in which all yellow gemstones were called topaz. It is also possible that people refer to citrine as topaz as this stone is of higher value. Citrine is very close to fellow quartz’ amethyst and smokey quartz. There are reformations between smokey quartz and citrine called ‘smoky citrine’ and a pretty rare yellow/purple amethysts called ametrine (more on this later!). Even very rare reformations of all three quartzes have been found. These last two are only mined commercially in one mine worldwide: the Anahi mine in Bolivia.
As often is the case with gemstones, there is some controversy surrounding citrine. This due to the fact that ‘real’ citrine is very rare. It is even said within scientific circles that if you have not seen the citrine appear from the mine in a yellow state yourself, you can be sure that you are dealing with a burnt amethyst. Heating the stone up will make the amethyst lose its purple colour and adopt the natural citrine colour. Ametrine is really a combination of purple amethyst and naturally yellow coloured amethyst. Are these heated amethysts allowed to carry the name ‘citrine’? Yes, officially, these can be called citrine – as long as the stones’ treatment is mentioned! (This is always the case with gemstone treatment within the jewellery industry.)
Citrine is one of the most positive gemstones around. It represents relaxation, extraversion and positivity. The stone symbolises the sun and warmth. Could you use some prosperity or luck? Wear a little citrine stone! Within the spiritual premises of gemology, opinions are divided on whether a burnt amethyst can be assigned the same properties as a natural citrine. One claims that a burnt amethyst loses its amethyst properties and adopts those of the citrine. While others claim that a burnt amethyst has the same properties as a citrine, yet, weaker. Another popular opinion is that these stones have a combination of the properties of amethyst and citrine. We think that a gemstone carries the worth that we assign to it. What you think, well, we will leave that up to you!
Amongst others, citrine can be found in Bolivia, Brazil, Russia and Madagascar.
Citrine is related to the zodiac signs Gemini and Leo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
‘...breathe in… breathe out…’ The rumbling sea, a babbling brook.. It’s the weekend or a holiday, or no, it’s… Dumorierite! This blue beauty belongs to the nesosilicates, is pretty rare, and pretty amaaaaazing! This gemstone was named after the French palaeontologist Eugene Dumortier, who discovered the mineral near his home. The stone is also found captured in quartz, this variation is called dumorierite quartz. Dumortierite is known for its opaque blue colour and can look a lot like lapis lazuli or sodalite. It is, therefore, not uncommon for these stones to get confused. However, with a density of 7-8,5 on the Mohs scale, dumorierite is a whole lot tougher! Dumorierite is known to turn white when heated and is, therefore, often used in ceramics!
Did you know that dumorierite was referred to in Africa as ‘water turned to stone’? For some magical and mysterious reason, this gemstone was always found near water! And just like water, the dumorierite is said to have a cooling and calming effect on its wearer. Dumorierite symbolises harmony and patience. It is the stone for all people that could use some rest and relaxation.
Amongst others, dumorierite is found in Europe, the US, South-Africa, and Brazil.
Epidote can range from a yellow-green to deep, dark green or even black colour. This gemstone stands for insight, confidence, and patience. This stone is said to help you take a realistic look at yourself, the situation you find yourself in, and your capabilities. This stone tends to work as a magnifying mirror, so you better be ready to get very real with yourself. Epidote is said to attract what one emanates, giving you a taste of your own medicine, so to speak (whether this is positive or negative). It could help release negativity and embrace new positive patterns, increasing hope for the future and the willingness to pursue one’s dreams. Epidote is a great reminder that what you reap is what you sow.
Epidote is found in Austria, Pakistan, Mexico, Norway, Mozambique, and the USA.
Fluorite represents confidence and structure. It symbolises protection and stability. Fluorite is a great stone to wear when you are studying. It supposedly boosts your concentration levels, helps you to process information quickly and helps to see connections.
Fluorite is associated with the zodiac signs Aquarius and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Fluorite can discolour when exposed to sunlight and it best kept from exposure to water.
Welcome to the vast, somewhat confusing world of garnets. Let’s get right down to business: garnet is not one type of gemstone. Garnet is the name of a group of minerals that belongs to the nesosilicates. These are pretty dense gemstones with a density between 6.5 and 7.5 on the Mohs scale! Garnets exist in many different colours and sizes, and they can be both opaque and transparent. The most well-known garnets are pyrope, almandine, spessartite, grossular, uvarovite and andradite. These are separated into two groups:
• Pyralspite: pyrope, almandine and spessartite
• Ugrandite: uvarovite, grossular and andradite
We will focus on the beloved, bright red gemstones marketed as garnet, which stem from the pyralspite group. These stones have a wine-red colour when polished cabochon and bright red colour when faceted. Even though it is hard to determine which garnet type we are actually dealing with, ‘garnet’ usually means an almandine, pyrope or a mixture of the two. For convenience, pyrope and mixes between almandine and pyrope are also called rhodelite (not to be confused with rhodonite, which is a completely different stone) and almandine is also known as 'Carbuncle'. The Carbuncle is also an old, mythical gemstone that is said to light up like a flame. Pyropes are sometimes marketed under misleading names, such as Cape ruby, California ruby, Arizona ruby and Rocky Mountain ruby. They can look like them, but be aware; garnets are definitely not rubies! Oh well, what’s in a name?
There are some interesting theories on the formation of garnets. First one being that mountain ghosts grew them. Therefore, it is customary that when harvesting a garnet, a sacrifice is made to the mountain ghosts, and the stone is named to prevent the mountain ghosts from haunting you. (Dumdumduuuuum). A second theory comes from Hildegard von Bingen. Hildegard claims garnets form from a moon eclipse that announces ominous times (again, dumdumduuuuuum). Perhaps that’s why this stone can help during times of crises! Garnets supposedly boost willpower, will to survive, positivity, courage and passion. Perhaps they’re not the best stones for those of us that are known to have a temperament, as they might run the risk of exploding when wearing a garnet! So, is your nickname ‘Explosion McRoadrage’? You might not want to opt for a garnet… Need some spice? You’ve got a match!
Garnets can be found on each of the continents.
Garnets are associated with the zodiac signs Aries, Leo and Scorpio. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Garnet can discolour when exposed to sunlight and it best kept from exposure to water.
Hematite has protective and grounding properties. This stone represents harmony and boosts confidence and self-respect. Hematite could strengthen your will to survive and increase willpower. This stone is often worn during exams as the it is thought to boost concentration levels and improve memory.
Make sure your Hematite is not exposed to water.
Meet mega babe Howlite! This darling has a density of 3-3.5 on the Mohs scale and belongs to the Borat minerals. Howlite is named after the Canadian mineralogist/geologist/chemist Henry How, who discovered the stone in 1868 on Nova Scotia. 🍁 This Canadian beauty can be recognised by its marble-ish white colour and black veins. Howlite is very porous, which makes it very suitable for durable colouring, just like the chalcedony. Turquoise coloured howlite is super pretty and is officially called Turquenite; we have noticed that turquenite is often sold under the name turquoise. The real turquoise stone is much rarer and more expensive, so pay attention when purchasing this precious gemstone!
Howlite is an incredibly zen stone as it might help with relaxing and grounding. It supports tolerance and helps you relax in times of stress. Insomnia has no chance when howlite is around, and headaches might disappear before you know it! So, grab the nearest yoga mat, Namaste, and have a howlite day!
Amongst others, howlite is found in the United States and Canada.
Howlite is associated with the zodiac sign Libra. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Iolite represents insight and knowledge. It can also motivate independence and responsibility. This stone can help you discover who you are and help you be yourself.
Jade is the stone of prosperity and wealth. Wearing the stone can attract luck and is said to help let go of negative emotions and annoyances. Jade also stimulates coming up with new ideas and acting on them. The stone improves love, care, and tolerance and is sometimes carried for extra protection during a trip or vacation.
Jade is associated with the zodiac sign Libra. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Jasper holds grounding and protective properties. The stone can help you reach your goals and put your ideas into action. It can make you competitive, decisive, persistent, determined and, therefore, help you go all-in! Because of jasper’s strong properties, it can help you stand up for yourself, give you courage, make you resilient and assertive, and lower your fear of conflicts. The stone represents sincerity, honesty, helpfulness. Jasper is said to help balance the body, mind, and soul. The stone is thought to boost organisational skills, quick thinking, and fantasy. Jasper is worn to make letting go of negative energy easier.
Jasper is associated with the zodiac signs Aries, Leo, Virgo, Scorpio and Capricorn. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Kyanite represents calmness and balance. It helps us take life into our own hands and helps us realise that we can shape our own futures. The stone can be worn for inner peace and breaking blockages. Kyanite symbolises spontaneity, empathy, self-expression and communication. This stone is also believed to boost logical and rational reasoning, which can help us be more truthful and sincere.
It is best not to hold raw kyanite under running water.
Is there a stone more lovable than Labradorite? We don’t think so! This feldspar with a density of 7 on the Mohs scale is named after the Labrador Peninsula in Canada where the stone can be found. Canada, here we come! Labradorite is known for its beautiful grey rainbow shine (called labradorescence) which can vary from blue to green to even goldish! White labradorites are so popular and loved that they have officially been named rainbow moonstone.
The stone is often carried for protection against negative influences. Labradorite stimulates confidence and perseverance. Labradorite is the stone for all artists and thinkers who need a little creative and imaginative inspiration from time to time!
Amongst others, labradorite is found in Canada, Australia, Madagascar, Mexico, Russia, the United States and Finland.
Labradorite is associated with the zodiac signs Leo and Sagittarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Larimar represents inner peace, clarity, and balance. The stone is said to help you take your life into your own hands and better deal with change. The stone is carried for dealing with guilt, extreme emotions, and breaking blockages. The stone supposedly inspires action but also stimulates to let things take their own course if needed.
Larimar is associated with the zodiac sign Leo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Larimar is sensitive to light and can lose its blue colour because of it. Also, it is best not to expose the stone to water.
It stole our hearts within seconds, and it’s there for keeps. We’re talking about tough Viking stone Larvikite! With a density of 6-6,5 on the Mohs scale, this rough Norman belongs to the feldspars and contains pieces of quartz. Larvikite is named after Larvik in Norway and is sometimes referred to as blue pearl granite or labrador granite. Did you know that this beauty is excellent for using as a decorative stone for your interior?! (Uhm, hello bathroom completely covered in larvikite!😍) Thanks to its international popularity, larvikite has obtained a status as a Global Heritage Stone Resource. This beauty can be recognized by its radiant blue, silver and black scaled appearance. Mind you! Due to its similar appearance and misleading nickname, larvikite is easily confused with fellow feldspar labradorite.
Larvikite has been assigned both very pragmatic and very spiritual properties. The stone can help to view the world neutrally. Dealing with wet feet? Larvikite is connected to water and the weather and is supposedly used for influencing both! Also, the stone is supposed to have a cooling effect AND helps with connecting to nature ghosts.
Larvikite is found in Norway.
Looking for a dark, handsome stranger that will make all your dreams come true? Look no further! Lapis Lazuli has been mined and appreciated as a gemstone for millennia. The oldest, most well-known lapis quarries date from an impressive 7000BC in what is currently Afghanistan. Not very surprisingly, lapis is the national stone of that country! Lapis is derived from the Latin word for stone, Lazuli stems from the Persian Lãžward, a millennia-old finding place of the stone. Fun fact: many current terms for blue, both in Dutch and several other languages, are derived from Lapis Lazuli. Think of the Dutch ‘azuur blauw’, the French azur, the Spanish azul, and the Italian Azzurro. Lapis consists of a combination of different rocks: lazurite, sodalite, calcite, pyrite and marble. Due to this, it belongs to the feldspar replacers, also called feldspathoids.
With a density of 5-5,5 on the Mohs scale, lapis lazuli is a pretty soft stone, so watch out for scratches! Lapis lazuli can be recognized by its opaque and intense blue appearance, which it has the mineral lazurite to thank for. It can contain gold-coloured speckles (pyrite) and often has white or light blue parts (sodalite, calcite and marble). Entirely blue lapis lazuli is also known as Royal Blue, lapis with lots of calcite is called chili lapis. The stone is also known as azure stone or simply lapis.
Lapis symbolizes the starry night sky and the river Nile and is inseparably connected to the Egyptian sky goddess Nut and her colleague goddess Ma’a (goddess of truth, order and justice). According to the godmother of European gemology, St. Hildegard von Bingen, lapis lazuli positively affects the eyes. The stone is said to help divert unwanted romantic attention. The stone represents sincere and loving relationships. Lapis supports integrity, cognition, intelligence, concentration, confidence, optimism, and meditation. All in all, a fantastic partner-in-crime in challenging and stressful times.
Amongst others, lapis lazuli can be found in Afghanistan, Chili, China and Central Asia.
Lapis Lazuli is associated with the zodiac signs Virgo and Sagittarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Limonite is not actually one mineral; it is a collective term for iron and oxygen hydroxides. The name Limonite is derived from the Greek word for meadow or swamp as the mineral is often found in these places. This mineral is orange to brown and sometimes even has an earthy red colour similar to clay. The depth of the colour is determined by the amount of iron that is present in each specimen.
Limonite has been used for over 4,000 years. Neolithic cave paintings have shown us that Limonite was used as yellow, brown, and red pigment.
Limonite is thought to hold us close to Mother Earth and provide the necessary strength to stick up for ourselves and move forward during situations of stress and overwhelming anxiety. This mineral’s empowering energy may offer a swift adjustment resulting in increased confidence levels in addition to better decision-making capabilities.
Limonite is very common and can be found all throughout the world, with major deposits located in Austria, France, Australia, the United States, Brazil, and the island of Cyprus.
Limonite is best not exposed to water.
Hey, moonchild! You have reached your destination. 😍 There are only a few stones that are so highly regarded as international superstar Moonstone! This beauty belongs to the feldspar sub-family orthoclase. Moonstone mainly consists of minuscule layers of two sorts of feldspar: orthoclase and albite. Moonstone has the different layers of feldspar creating the moonshine-ish glow (officially called adularescence) to thank for its great name. Some stones can also have a cat-eye glow! Moonstone especially stands out when it is polished cabochon and is also called adular (after the Adula Alps in Switzerland), hecatolite (after the Greek moon goddess Hecate) and Chandrakanta (Hindi for ‘woman of the moon’).
This orthoclase has a density of 6-6,5 on the Mohs scale and exists in a vast area of colours like peach, white, brown, grey, black, green, and blue. In some cases, blue moonstones can hardly be distinguished from the rainbow moonstone, which is actually a white version of labradorite!
Besides the fact that this moonbabe is extremely pretty, it is also a very versatile stone. Stories about moonstone stem from ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, India, Sri Lanka, China and the Middle-East. People used to wear it to keep friendly with the Moon gods, tied it around trees and plants to stimulate the harvest and looked at it as a true woman’s stone. Moonstone represents feminine energy, the moon, empathy, intuition, marital bliss, and interpersonal knowledge. It is a great stone to wear during pregnancy. Finally, moonstone supposedly can help you find your true love (admit it, if you hit someone with a moonstone hard enough, they won’t run away as easily😇😜), so move over Tinder, moonstone is in the house!
Amongst others, moonstone can be found in the Alps, Australia, Austria, China, Finland, India, Japan, Mexico, Myanmar, Norway, Poland, Sri Lanka and the United States.
Moonstone is associated with the zodiac signs Cancer, Capricorn and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Malachite was our first love, and it will be our last… This copper carbonate has a density of 3,5-4,5 on the Mohs scale. It has been appreciated as a decorative stone for as looooong as we can remember. Seriously though, the oldest into a jewel fabricated malachite found is a +/- 10.600-year-old bead. The name malachite can be traced back - with a few detours - to the Greek malakós, which means soft. Malachite has its beautiful green striped appearance thanks to the copper deposits where the stone is found. Malachite is often mined together with turquoise, azurite and chrysocolla, which can shape into reformations like malacolla and eilat stone.
Malachite is associated with femininity and has been linked to several goddesses over time. The stone was linked to the goddess Hathor in ancient Egypt, to the goddesses Aphrodite and Artemis in the Greek mythologies and to Venus in ancient Rome. There is a rich folklore about the Mistress of the copper mountain in the Russian Ural region, a.k.a. the Malachite maid. Besides being perfect for divine intervention, malachite has a positive effect on your cognition. Malachite is believed to improve communication with animals. This stone is said to have a positive effect on menstruation, fertility and pregnancy. So, embrace your inner goddess and go green or go home; malachite is awesome and an absolute keeper in our collection!
Malachite can actually be found on all continents. However, the most important mining sites are located in the copper belt in central Africa.
Malachite is associated with the zodiac signs Aquarius, Libra, Taurus and Scorpio.Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
The low density and porous composition of malachite make this stone vulnerable, which means that Malachite is not resistant to blows/scratches and fluids.
Malacolla is a combination of chrysocolla and malachite. To find out more, see the description of these gemstones. It is best not to expose malacolla to water.
It’s tall, dark, and handsome and it matches. Absolutely. Everything. We’re talking about the dark beauty onyx, of course (not to be confused with the Pokémon,gonna catch ‘em all!). Onyx is part of the very extensive quartz family (more specific, a chalcedony variation). The stone has a density of 7 on the Mohs scale. Fun fact: sand mostly exists of quartz and is present almost everywhere, also in dust. So, be careful with stones/materials with a density lower than 7, because they can get scratched when they’re dusted off.
The name onyx is derived from the Greek phrase onyx, which means fingernail. The stone can be recognised by its opaque black appearance; often, there are white and/or grey layers visible in the stone. These layers tend to look like the white lunulae of your fingernails. Real onyx is very rare, most of the black stones incorporated into jewellery are black onyx. This is a colour treated chalcedony that conveniently carries the same name. You can read more about this under the section about chalcedony.
Onyx has been assigned concentration boosting properties. Onyx is also said to positively affect all ‘the-glass-is-half-empty’-people amongst us as onyx supports turning negativity into positivity!
Amongst others, onyx can be found in Argentina, Brazil, Madagascar, Mexico, Uruguay, the United States and Pakistan.
Opal is known for its protective and activating properties. This stone boosts spontaneity, optimism, cheer, and liveliness. It is said to increase ones’ originality and creativity, and deepen the appreciation of art and all beautiful things life has to offer us. The stone has a strong connection to love, passion, and (enjoying) sexuality. Opal is said to stimulate faith and loyalty.
Opal is associated with the zodiac signs Pisces, Cancer, Scorpio and Sagittarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Peridot is believed to help you break free from others’ negative influences. It also said to stimulate independence and assertiveness. It helps you follow your own path, acknowledge your mistakes, and correct them.
Peridot is associated with the zodiac sign Virgo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Peridot may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Prasiolite is a green amethyst with a soft energy. It symbolises balance and grounding, and is believed to help you be guided by your heart and soul.
Prasiolite may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Prehnite stimulates personal growth and provides insight into our own patterns and behaviours. The stone represents love, tranquillity, peace, and healing. The stone supposedly improves the senses and boosts analytic thinking.
Prehnite may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Pyrite is an insightful stone. It improves self-knowledge and is believed to resurface repressed memories. Pyrite is associated with the zodiac sign Leo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Pyrite contains iron and can, therefore, rust when exposed to water.
Quattro Quantum is a combination of Chrysocolla, Dioptase, Malachite, and Shattuckite in (Smokey) Quartz. Quattro Quantum is found in Namibia and has a beautiful green-blue colour. Quattro Quantum is said to be both a gentle and powerful gemstone that is associated with balance, healing, protection, and love. This gemstone is said to provide space and peace of mind, helping you stay true to yourself and ward off outside influences. Quattro Quantum is said to be great when it comes to healthy relationships. It could help you redefine love relationships in which you have lost yourself or attract new loving relationships. Quattro Quantum is said to be a good ally in balancing existing relationships as well as helping you get over heartbreak.
Quattro Quantum is best kept from water and bright sunlight.
Let’s talk Rainbow Moonstone! This beauty belongs to the feldspars and has a density of 6-6,5 on the Mohs scale. The stone can be recognised by its semi-clear white appearance and (surprise, surprise😜) rainbow-ish reflection. This beautiful rainbow glare is officially called labradorescence. The name might be deceiving as this gemstone isn’t a moonstone; Rainbow moonstone is actually labradorite! This white-coloured variation of labradorite has become so popular with time that it was officially assigned the name Rainbow Moonstone. Rainbow moonstone and blue moonstone can look incredibly alike, so pay attention! 😜
Expecting?! Wear lots of rainbow moonstone! This stone is strongly connected to the feminine energy and the moon. It is believed to positively affect the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and our general female and hormonal (ahem😇) challenges. Dreamers unite!; because rainbow moonstone happens to be an incredibly spiritual stone that is said to stimulate empathy and intuition. In short, there’s good reason this stone is so loved within our (very feminine) Wiezewasjes team!
Amongst others, rainbow moonstone can be found in Australia, Italy, Canada, Mexico, Madagascar and Finland!
Rainbow Moonstone is associated with the zodiac signs Cancer, Libra, Capricorn and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
The name Rhodochrosite refers to the Greek words for its rose-red colour. However, Rhodochrosite can be found in a wide array of colours, ranging from pink to red and yellowish, orange or brown. As pink is the colour expression of love, virtually all pink stones relate to this theme, and therefore, so does Rhodochrosite.
This stone stands for self-love and compassion and is said to help with emotional healing and the recovery of lost memories and forgotten gifts. Rhodochrosite carries a tender and loving energy that soothes the heart and comforts the soul. This gemstone might be a great friend when you need some help with self-forgiveness and feel like rediscovering some of that childlike playfulness!
Though the most important deposit of Rhodochrosite is in Argentina, this gemstone is also found in Africa, Brazil, Peru, Russia, Romania, and the United States.
This pink gemstone decorates lots of Russian palaces. Rhodonite’s name is derived from the Greek ‘rhodon’ (pink), and it belongs to the inosilicates. This babushka can be recognised by its opaque, salmon pink colour (thanks to manganese) with black dendrite details that stand out. There are also transparent rhodonites, but those are very rare. With its density of 6 on the Mohs scale, it is a relatively soft gemstone. Rhodonite has the reputation of being one of the most challenging stones to facet, which is why most stones are polished cabochon.
Not only is this beauty used in jewellery quite a lot, but it is also very suitable as decoration. They were huge fans of rhodonite in Tsarist Russia. Huge rhodonite vases, lamps, ornaments and even sarcophaguses stem from that time period. Some of which can be admired in the Hermitage in Sint Petersburg.
Traditionally, rhodonite is seen as the stone of luck and happiness. It has a soft energy that slowly but certainly softens the raw edges of intense experiences. Rhodonite is like a warm blanket to psychological wounds. This stone is said to strengthen compassion, patience, intuition, and emotional balance. Are you in need of some sincere, tender energy? Rhodonite is the cuddly grandma that everybody secretly needs in their life.
Amongst others, rhodonite can be found in Russia, China, Australia, Japan, Sweden, Tanzania, the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, South-Africa and the United Kingdom.
Ruby represents strength and energy and is said to have a strong activating effect. The stone stimulates passion, motivation, enthusiasm, spontaneity, sexual activity, and a positive attitude. Ruby symbolises power and abundance. The stone is believed to improve a clear, strong view and concentration levels, to help set clear goals.
Ruby is associated with the zodiac signs Aries and Scorpio. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Smoky Quartz is known for its protective, grounding and detoxifying properties. The stone represents relaxation and acceptance. Smokey Quartz can give support when offering resistance against stressful influences and provides mental power. This stone might, therefore, have a beneficial effect on fear of failure. The stone is said to stimulate a level-headed, pragmatic, and positive attitude as well as improve concentration.
Smokey quartz is associated with the zodiac signs Capricorn and Taurus. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Smokey quartz may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
We all have a weak spot in our hearts for Rose Quartz… This girl next door is a quartz variation that has titanium, chrome and manganese to thank for its light pink to rose pink colour. Rose quartz is semi-transparent, very cloudy, and can be recognised by a very cracked surface. This gemstone has a density of 7 on the Mohs scale and is photosensitive, which means that the pretty pink colour can bleach when exposed to UV light. So, be careful when out in the sun! Some rose quartzes of higher quality may contain tiny rutile hairs, which create a cat-eye effect known as a six-rayed zodiac or asterism. Rose quartz has gotten her name from her beautiful colour and can, therefore, arguably be called pink quartz as well.
Of course, this sweetheart is known as the stone of love, and nothing could be more true. Rose quartz represents unconditional (self)love and (self)acceptance. It symbolises beauty, vulnerability, and empathy. It activates the inner dauntless and pure child within us and calms and softens emotions.
Amongst others, rose quartz can be found in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Brazil, the United States, Russia, Kazakhstan, India and Japan.
Rose quartz is associated with the zodiac signs Taurus, Cancer and Libra. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Rose quartz may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Rutile quartz is a cheerful and calming stone. The stone symbolises hope and improves sincerity, independence, and self-love. The stone is thought to evoke a good mood and is often carried as a protector against fear, phobia, concern, and negative energy.
Sapphire is said to have a very positive effect on the psyche. The stone represents calmness, mental health, wisdom, and insight. Sapphire is believed to provide a clear mind and stimulate level-headed, critical, targeted, and concentrated thinking.
Selenite was named after Selene, an old moon goddess. This gemstone is very similar to Calcite and typically has a tabular shape and striations running along the length. This beautiful gemstone is often found around hot springs. Selenite can vary in colour from colourless to grey, white, green, or golden brown. This gemstone is said to overcome stagnation and motivates one to move forward with their life. Selenite is said to prevent you from succumbing to the illusion of security and comfort and push you out of your comfort zone! Due to its unique energy, Selenite is sometimes exchanged by loved ones to come to a reconciliation.
Selenite is found in many places around the world, amongst which Australia, Greece, Mexico, and the USA.
Beware! Selenite dissolves in water!
Serpentine derives its name from its green colour and smooth surfaces resembling snakeskin. This gemstone’s colour can vary from a pale yellow-green to deep forest-green, to almost black. Serpentine is often mistaken for Jade due to its similar colour & texture and is sometimes referred to as ‘green marble’.
Serpentine stands for flexibility and balance and is said to help release the fear of change and hardship. It could help give perspective, be less self-centred and increase one’s willingness to compromise and spend time and effort contributing to the greater good. This gemstone is believed to bring emotional and spiritual balance. Serpentine might help look ahead to the future with expectation and excitement and could, therefore, help reclaim authority over one’s life.
Serpentine is found in Afghanistan, Africa, China, New Zealand, Turkey, and the USA.
It is best not to expose Serpentine to water.
Ever heard of Shattuckite? We have been able to get our hands on this rare inosilicate with a density of 3,5 on the Mohs scale, and we’re never letting go! Shattuckite is named after the copper mine Shattuck in the American state of Arizona. The stone can be recognised by its semi-transparent, speckled blue, and sometimes green, appearance. The stone tends to look quite like chrysocolla and malacolla, so be careful that you don’t confuse them! Shattuckite is copper-bearing and often found near malachite.
This beauty is believed to stimulate paranormal communication with higher powers and alien creatures; yep, you’ve read it correctly, E.T. phones home! 🖖👽The stone is connected to the elements water and air and is said to raise vibrations. This stone represents truth and wisdom. Hotheads amongst us that often see the world through a red haze may greatly benefit from its calming effect!
Amongst others, shattuckite can be found in the United States, Namibia, South-Africa, Argentina, Germany and Austria.
Emerald is the queen of gemstones. It is not without reason that this queen belongs to the big four. Like little brother aquamarine, it is a form of beryl and has a hardness of 7.7 to 8 on the Mohs scale. Did you know that an emerald can only be called an emerald when it has exactly the right shade of emerald green? If it is just a different shade of green, it is called green beryl. Emeralds can, therefore, be recognized by their typical emerald green colour! The stones are found in both transparent and opaque form; the brighter the stone, the more it is worth!
Cleopatra already realized that emerald is synonymous with royalty. It seems that the Egyptian queen was fond of emeralds found in Egypt; the mines were even called the Cleopatra mines! The beauties symbolize law, truth, and intelligence. With the beautiful green colour, you carry the ever-returning spring with you in an emerald. Not sold yet? Emerald is also said to protect against evil intentions!
Amongst others, emerald is found in Egypt, Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Pakistan, Russia and Afghanistan.
Sodalite represents self-acceptance, self-respect, and confidence. This stone is believed to help break through limiting thinking- and behavioural patterns; such as self-defence mechanisms, fears, and phobia. Sodalite symbolises the need for freedom, idealism, truth, and self-expression. This gemstone is said to have a strengthening effect on logic, rational thinking, and objectivity and unites these with intuition. Sodalite can also be used in a group to strengthen harmony, trust, and solidarity.
Sodalite is associated with the zodiac signs Virgo and Sagittarius. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
“… I seem to be what I’m not, you see…” When The Platters released their single ‘The Great Pretender’ in 1955, this sentence could just as well have been about our con artist. Why? Because there are few gemstones with such an illustrious career as Spinel! Firstly, spinel is not just one gemstone, but, like garnet, actually involves a group of minerals. This group contains, amongst others: gahnite, hercynite, ceylonite and galaxite. Secondly, this beauty has worked itself up from the deeper nooks of the earth into the comfortable setting of many crown jewels under the pretence of being a ruby or sapphire. Below, you can find a list of the most famous spinels:
• The Black Princess Ruby: a red spinel of 170 carats on the British Imperial State crown
• The Timur Ruby: a red spinel of 361 carats on a necklace that belongs to the British Queen Victoria
• The Imperial Crown of Russia contains a red spinel of 398.72 carats
• The St.-Wenzel crown of the Bohemian crown jewels contains 44 spinels
Even though spinel belongs to the oxides, just like the two Korunds, it is slightly softer despite its impressive density of 8 on the Mohs scale. The century-old misconception is understandable, though: spinel is mostly found in the same mines as korund, is also found in both transparent and opaque form and, finally, also exists in almost every colour shade. From blue to purple to red, they all speak to our imaginations strongly. When a virtually shadowless pink-red type of spinel surfaced in Myanmar during the second Star Wars craze, it was lovingly named the Jedi-spinel (‘cause it ain’t got no dark side).
Spinel is Augusts’ birthstone and associated with the 22nd marriage anniversary. This powerhouse has been assigned a strong manly energy. It gives power, activates, and is believed to be a great shield against negative feelings. In the same way that the stone has fought its way up courageously, wearing a spinel represents courage, wealth, and success! It is clear that the spinel belongs to gemstones’ absolute royalty, so let’s wave and may the force be with you!
Spinel can be found worldwide. The most important mines, however, are located in Asia.
Tiger’s Eye protects against negative outside influences and increases insight into both ourselves and others. The stone can help with distancing oneself and maintaining a good overview of situations. It helps with the integration of information and the achievement of goals. In difficult times, tiger’s eye can give you strength, courage, and trust. The stone is said to help with internal conflicts, dilemma’s, doubt, and indecisiveness. Tiger’s eye is believed to improve tranquillity and can be worn when overly triggered.
Tiger’s eye is associated with the zodiac signs Gemini and Leo. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Titanium Quartz provides a strong foundation for a happy, relaxed attitude. This stone represents strength and energy. Titanium quartz is said to boost concentration levels and make you more purposeful. With titanium quartz, the trust in your capacities can grow! Bye-bye imposter syndrome! This gem may help to deal with things in a more calm and flexible manner.
It is best not to expose titanium quartz to sunlight and running water.
Titanium Aura provides a strong foundation for a happy, relaxed attitude. It represents both mental and physical power and energy. This stone can support concentration, make you more purposeful, and boost self-confidence. Titanium aura is known for its cheerful effect and may provide you with the tranquillity and resilience to better handle upsetting situations.
It is best not to expose titanium aura to water and (bright) sunlight.
Tourmaline is known for its grounding, protective, and cleansing properties. It is a very suitable stone for protection against all sorts of negative energy and radiation. Tourmaline is said to help own your strengths and adopt a relaxed, confident attitude.
Tourmaline is associated with the zodiac signs Libra, Scorpio and Capricorn. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Tourmaline may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Tourmalined Quartz is a Clear Quartz with crystals of Black Tourmaline (Schorl) running through it and is mostly found in Brazil. Toumalined Quartz is associated with purification and recovery from negative influences. This unusual combination of gemstones is said to create a unique energy that could be described as a psychic vacuum cleaner, clearing out bad vibes, restoring dynamic balance, and promoting general well-being. Wearing Tourmalined Quartz is said to feel like a bubble of light, keeping negativity at bay while enhancing overall awareness. This gemstone could promote clear thinking and help you feel both enlightened and grounded.
Topaz is a sunny stone that is believed to softly stimulate (self)development and self-fulfilment. The stone may help to find your own path and following it by relying on your own knowledge and wisdom. This stone not only helps you set goals but also to accomplish them. Topaz improves empathy, openness, sincerity, truth, joy, and wealth.
Topaz is associated with the zodiac signs Sagittarius and Gemini. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Topaz may discolour when exposed to (bright) sunlight.
Team Turquoise, keep on reading! This gorgeous phosphate has a density of 5-6 on the Mohs scale. Even though turquoise can’t be found in Turkey, this gemstone has been named after the country. This, because turquoise travelled from the Middle-East to Europe via Turkey! The Europeans were so charmed by this beauty’s characteristic blue-green appearance that this colour was quickly called turquoise! The stone has an opaque, sometimes even waxy glow. More variations lean towards blue or green, and sometimes they have dark veins. Copper turquoise is a turquoise variation with copper. Yep, we usually have this absolute beauty in stock in different kinds of jewellery! There is also turquoise with pyrite, which is easily confused with copper turquoise as it looks quite similar!
It’s never gonna give you up, never gonna let you down: are you struggling with yourself, the world, your love life, or do you TRULY have nothing cute to wear? No worries, turquoise’s got your back! Turquoise is the stone of self-fulfilment, self-acceptance, and mental balance. This stone is said to help with problems in the relational and friendly sphere and is your best friend when dealing with a broken heart. Turquoise can support a good night’s sleep and is seen as a great stone for children! Do you have a little devil’s voice in the back of your head that loves to bring you down, and can you find your biggest enemy in your own mind? Turquoise will help you find the right way!
Amongst others, turquoise can be found in Mexico, the United States, China and Iran.
Turquoise is associated with the zodiac signs Aquarius and Pisces. Read more on which gemstones match which zodiac signs on this page!
Turquoise is a pretty porous stone, which causes it to discolour when exposed to liquids as these can be sucked into the pores of the stone. This is why we advise you to take them off when washing your hands, taking a shower, putting on perfume, swimming, moisturising, going to foam parties, you name it! Bright sunlight can also cause Turquoise to discolour.
Sunstone derives its name from the warm colour and reflectiveness, resembling sunlight. This orange to red-brown gemstone with sparkling inclusions is said to hold a rich and positive spectrum of energies. Sunstone is the Yang to Moonstone’s Yin energy. It is associated with enlightened male energy, leadership, strength, kind-heartedness, and an abundance of blessings. This gemstone is said to help harness leadership qualities, helping one to find self-discipline and help those who feel held back by fear or self-doubt melt away the sense of unworthiness. Historically, leadership has often meant using power for personal gain or power over the will of others. Sunstone is said to promote leadership by taking responsibility and utilising knowledge and mental clarity for the higher good of all.
Sunstone is found in India, Canada, Norway, Russia, the USA.